Disparities in cancer-related treatment and survival by insurance type have been well-established. Affordable Care Act aims to increase healthcare coverage to vulnerable populations, especially those young patients with cancer. Our goal is to elucidate possible impact of ACA on Hodgkin’s Lymphoma (HL).
HL patients aged 15-64 years were retrieved from the SEER 18 Program. Based on year of diagnosis, data were stratified according to passage of ACA (2007–2010 vs 2011–2014). Insurance status at diagnosis was classified into private insurance, Medicaid and uninsured. Disease stage, therapy modality and survival time were collected.
12,702 patients were included. Medicaid and uninsured patients were more likely to be diagnosed at later stage regardless of year of diagnosis (Table 1). Compared to private insurance, uninsured status was less likely to receive either radiotherapy or chemotherapy before 2010 but not after. After adjusting for potential confounders, Medicaid is independent predictor for poor overall mortality before 2010 (p < 0.01), however this increased mortality subsided after 2010 (p = 0.10). Multivariate analysis of 3-year mortality of data also revealed similar trends.
|2007–2010 (n = 6494)||2011–2014 (n = 6208)|
|Insurance||Stage III-IV vs Stage I-II|
|OR 95% CI||OR 95% CI|
|Medicaid||1.38 (1.18–1.63)||1.39 (1.19–1.62)|
|Uninsured||1.51 (1.21–1.87)||1.32 (1.06–1.65)|
|OR 95% CI||OR 95% CI||OR 95% CI||OR 95% CI|
|Medicaid||0.74 (057–0.96)||0.65 (0.49–0.86)||0.83 (0.63–1.10)||0.71 (0.52–0.97)|
|Uninsured||0.87 (0.60–1.25)||0.52 (0.35–0.78)||0.77 (0.52–1.13)||0.52 (0.34–0.79)|
|Death||HR 95% CI||p||Death||HR 95% CI||p|
|Medicaid||230||2.40 (1.96–2.93)||88||1.34 (0.97–1.85)|
|Uninsured||68||1.40 (1.03–1.89)||47||1.41 (0.95–2.10)|
Despite overall good outcome, HL affects younger people and has worse outcome in underinsured people, it may cause significant loss of productive life. We observed equalization in overall mortality in HL patient diagnosed after 2010 across the three insurance types. As ACA measures are being gradually implemented, its positive impact will likely become more evident over the next years.